April Fools Day or All Fools Day is one day of the year when you're allowed to mercilessly prank your friend, family and coworkers. How exactly did this day come about? We don't actually know for sure what started the celebration of April Fools Day. References can be found as early as 1500s, but these accounts are infrequent and not very detailed.
Most popular theories had begun around 1582 in France during the reformation of the calendar. Before France adopted the Gregorian calendar, they celebrated the New Years for eight days, beginning on March 25th, and ending on April 1st. When they switch calendar system, the eighth day moved from April 1st to January 1st.
Because they didn't have internet, phones, social media and a mail system, a lot of people didn't hear about this change until years later. Those who did not hear about the change continued to celebrate New Years in April. Others refused to celebrate out of rebellion. Those who had been informed of the change and adjusted their calendars began to make fun of these fools who were uninformed or rebellious. This harassment evolved into a tradition of playing pranks on the first day of April, and then spread to other countries.
However, April Fools Day was already established in England, which didn't switch calendar system until 1752. Also people are already engaging in pranks and light-heartedness around this time of year, long before the French switch their calendar systems, such as in the case of the ancient Roman festival of Hilaria.
Modern celebrations of April Fools Day have slightly different traditions, depending on the country you are in. But they all have the similar theme of pranking or humiliating individuals. In France, they try to tape an image of fish to your back without you noticing. And in Portugal, they throw flour at you. In England, you are always supposed to pull jokes until noon, and if you pull a joke after noon, you are called an April Fool. And in the United States and Britain, even popular media outlets and companies have been known to get involved in the fun.
In 1996, Taco Bell announced that it had purchased the Liberty Bell from the city of Philadelphia, and it was going to rename it as Taco Liberty Bell. In 1992, NPR claimed that Richard Nixon would be running again for president. British publication, theguardian, famously pranked the public in 1977, when they said that a Semicolon shaped island in the Indian Ocean had been discovered. This hoax is credited for launching the trend of April Fools Day pranks by British tabloids.
So hopefully you now know a little more about the history of April Fools Day, or at least what we think the history of it is. Now that we're at the end of this video, you might be wondering if all this information is accurate, thinking it "IS" a video about April Fools Day! YEAH! It's ACCURATE! But seriously, it's accurate. I wouldn't do that to you.
註一：Taco Bell是美國的連鎖速食店，主要商品是墨西哥捲餅(Taco and Burrito)。